Microsoft System Tools MRT SFC

Here are some hidden gems within the Microsoft Windows OS. I’m pretty sure these still apply to the newest Vista OS, but if not then it’s for XP ONLY.

Start >> Run >> “MRT”.
This will load up the Microsoft Removal Tool (Also known as Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool). This will scan all of your files to see if some of the well-known Trojans or Viruses are loaded on your machine. This is NOT a replacement for AntiVirus software.

Start >> Run >> “SFC /SCANNOW”.
This will load up the System File Checker tool (Also known as Microsoft Windows XP Windows File Checker Version 5.1). This program will find all altered system files and fix them to the original. You’ll need a copy of your i386 folder (found on the Windows XP CD-ROM) in order to take full advantage of this tool.

Can Ping Out, Not In

Having problems pinging a remote user? Can they ping you just fine?

Here’s the steps I did:
1. Install the latest and greatest driver for the network card. Check.
2. Turn off the firewall. Windows firewall, or a third party firewall, may be blocking the ICMP ping protocol. Check
3. Uninstall the network device. Then scan for hardware changes and it should automatically reinstall. Check.
4. Do you use Cisco VPN Client? Open the VPN Client, right-click on the system tray icon, and uncheck “stateful firewall (always on)”. Check.
5. Reset the switch/change cables/reboot the computer. Check.

Then you should be done. If you have more suggestions, or can’t get something to work, let us know.

Exchange 2003 Send On Behalf Of

Sending on behalf of sounds like a very easy task. Fire up Outlook, type in someone else’s name in the from box, hit send. Doesn’t quite work out that way.

Rights must be given to the user to send on behalf of. One can NOT send on behalf of a group, it must be on behalf of a user.

1.) Open up Active Directory Users and Computers.
2.) Click on the View Menu and select Advanced Features
3.) Select the user that you want to send on behalf of
4.) Right click the user and select Properties
5.) Click on the Security tab
6.) Click on the Advanced button
7.) Click on the Add button
8.) Type the username you want to give permissions to
9.) At the bottom of the list, select Send As
10.) Click OK to all the dialog boxes
11.) In the properties of the user you want to send on behalf of, click on the Exchange General tab
12.) Click the Delivery Options button
13.) Click the Add button
14.) Type in the username you want to give permissions to
15.) Click OK to all the dialog boxes

Optical Drive Disappears

If your CD or DVD ROM drive has recently disappeared, you may want to read this post. If it disappeared on its own, then it can be one of a few problems:

1. The driver has been uninstalled/corrupted or the wrong driver is installed. You can either use Microsoft Update to update to the newest driver, or you can RollBack the driver to the previous version.
2. You’ve disconnected the data/power cable. Check the cables.
3. The drive has died. You’ll need to buy a new drive.

If it disappeared after you uninstalled or installed a software package, then here’s a registry hack (fix) that helps solve your issue. Most of the time this is a result of uninstalling or installing a second version of a CD/DVD Burning Software kit.

1. Make sure that the driver is correct/up-to-date/installed properly.
2. Microsoft recommends uninstalling any CD/DVD Burning Software PRIOR to performing this hack.
3. Open up the Registry Editor. Start >> Run >> regedit.
4. Go to this key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Class/{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}
5. Delete the keys “UpperFilters” and “LowerFilters”.
6. Reboot the computer.

You should now see your favorite Optical drive in your My Computer.

Video Settings

I figured this might help someone, including myself.

Computers:
CGA: 320 x 200
QVGA: 320 x 240
VGA: 640 x 480
WVGA: 800 x 480
SVGA: 800 x 600
XGA: 1024 x 768
SXGA: 1280 x 1024
SXGA+: 1400 x 1050
UXGA (UGA): 1600 x 1200
WSXGA+: 1680 x 1050
WUXGA: 1920 x 1200
QXGA: 2048 x 1536
WQXGA: 2560 x 1600
QSXGA: 2560 x 2048
WQUXGA: 3840 x 2400

Television:
NTSC: 720 x 480
HD 720: 1280 x 720
HD 1080: 1920 x 1080

IE7 Move Menus To The Top

Since I started to use a computer back in 1990, the menus of every single application have been located at the top of the screen.  So when Microsoft decided to put the address bar above the menu bar in Internet Explorer 7… well, I just had to get rid of that.

Now this “hack” requires a little bit of registry editing, so the standard warranties apply.  Don’t do this unless you’re comfortable editing the registry.  Don’t know what regedit is?  Then this “hack” isn’t for you.

Step 1.  Open regedit.

Step 2.  Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Toolbar\WebBrowser\

Step 3.  Create a DWord Key.

Step 4.  Name of DWord Key: ITBar7Position

Step 5.  Value: 1.

Step 6.  Close and reopen IE7.

Common BSOD Errors in Windows 2000 XP

BSOD = Blue Screen Of Death

STOP: 0x0000000A
IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL

This Stop error, which can be caused by either software or hardware, indicates that a kernel-mode process or driver attempted to access a memory location it did not have permission to access or a memory location that exists at a kernel interrupt request level (IRQL) that was too high. A kernel-mode process can access other only processes that have an IRQL that’s equal to or lower than its own.

STOP: 0x0000001E
KMODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED

This Stop error indicates that indicates that the Windows XP kernel detected an illegal or unknown processor instruction. The problems that cause this Stop error can be either software or hardware related and result from invalid memory and access violations, which are intercepted by Windows’ default error handler if error-handling routines are not present in the code itself.

STOP: 0x00000050
PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA

This Stop error indicates that requested data was not in memory. The system generates an exception error when using a reference to an invalid system memory address. Defective memory (including main memory, L2 RAM cache, video RAM) or incompatible software (including remote control and antivirus software) might cause this Stop error.

STOP: 0x0000007B
INACCESSIBLE_BOOT_DEVICE

This Stop error indicates that Windows XP has lost access to the system partition or boot volume during the startup process. Installing incorrect device drivers when installing or upgrading storage adapter hardware typically causes this Stop error. This error could also indicate a possible virus infection.

STOP: 0x0000007F
UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE_TRAP

This Stop error indicates a hardware problem resulting from mismatched memory, defective memory, a malfunctioning CPU, or a fan failure that’s causing overheating.

STOP: 0x0000009F
DRIVER_POWER_STATE_FAILURE

This Stop error indicates that a driver is in an inconsistent or invalid power state. This Stop error typically occurs during events that involve power state transitions, such as shutting down, or moving in or out of standby or hibernate mode.

STOP: 0x000000D1
DRIVER_IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL

This Stop error indicates that the system attempted to access pageable memory using a kernel process IRQL that was too high. The most typical cause is a bad device driver (one that uses improper addresses). It can also be caused by faulty or mismatched RAM or a damaged pagefile.

STOP: 0x000000EA
THREAD_STUCK_IN_DEVICE_DRIVER

This Stop error indicates that a device driver problem is causing the system to pause indefinitely. Typically, this problem is caused by a display driver waiting for the video hardware to enter an idle state. This might indicate a hardware problem with the video adapter or a faulty video driver.

STOP: 0x00000024
NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM

This Stop error indicates that a problem occurred within Ntfs.sys, the driver file that allows the system to read and write to drives formatted with the NTFS file system. (A similar Stop message, 0x00000023, exists for the file allocation table [FAT16 or FAT32)] file systems.)

STOP: 0xC0000218
UNKNOWN_HARD_ERROR

This Stop error indicates that a necessary registry hive file could not be loaded. The file may be corrupt or missing. The registry file may have been corrupted due to hard disk corruption or some other hardware problem. A driver may have corrupted the registry data while loading into memory or the memory where the registry is loading may have a parity error.

STOP: 0xC0000221
STATUS_IMAGE_CHECKSUM_MISMATCH

This Stop message indicates driver, system file, or disk corruption problems (such as a damaged paging file). Faulty memory hardware can also cause this Stop message to appear.

STOP: 0x0000008e
This is usually an issue with RAM, but it all depends on the system. Most often it will happen with Windows XP SP2.

Ramblings Of An IT Person